BASIC Science For Climate Scientists

AN absolute must watch video by geologist, scientist and leading climate realist, Tony Heller, which unequivocally destroys the purported; CO2-induced, man-made Climate Change “crisis” that is undermining Western economies, frightening our children and warping, otherwise intelligent adult brains.

THE first thought that came to me after watching this superb 20 minutes of pure science and logic was this quote from former UN IPCC Japanese Scientist – Dr. Kiminori Itoh, an award-winning PhD environmental physical chemist:

Warming fears are the “worst scientific scandal in the history…When people come to know what the truth is, they will feel deceived by science and scientists.” 

WATCH…

Green Jihad

This video is a 20 minute course Tony Heller has composed to teach climate scientists the basic science which many of them choose not to understand. Pay close attention to who Swedish professor Svend Arhenius is related to.

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METHANE Mendacity : Cows, Farts And New Green Lies

 

THE Methane Lie - CLIMATISM

Methane Mendacity – Climatism


The only way to get our society to truly change is to
frighten people with the possibility of a catastrophe
.”
– emeritus professor Daniel Botkin

***

THE core objective of the $2,000,000,000,000 US per year (2 Trillion) Climate Crisis Industry has always been the centralised control of human beings and curtailment of free-market, capitalist ‘excesses’.

Current lifestyles and consumption patterns of the affluent middle class – involving high meat intake, use of fossil fuels, appliances, air-conditioning, and suburban housing – are not sustainable. – Maurice Strong, Rio Earth Summit 1992

ENERGY rationing and the control of carbon dioxide (the direct byproduct of cheap, abundant hydrocarbon energy) key to the socialist Left’s Malthusian and misanthropic agenda of depopulation and deindustrialisation respectively. A totalitarian ideology enforced through punitive emissions controls under the guise of “Saving The Planet”.

STANFORD University and The Royal Society’s resident global warming alarmist and population freak Paul R. Ehrlich spelled out in 1976 the Left’s anti-energy agenda that has underpinned all ‘climate’ related scares to date :

Giving society cheap, abundant energy would be the
equivalent of giving an idiot child a machine gun
.”
– Prof Paul R. Ehrlich

*

MAURICE STRONG (UNEP)

THE creator, fabricator and proponent of global warming alarmism Maurice Strong, founded UNEP and ‘science’ arm, the UN IPCC, under the premise of studying only human (CO2) driven causes of climate change.

STRONG and the UN’s ‘Climate Change’ agenda was clearly laid out before the ‘science’ of Climate Change was butchered and tortured to fit the Global Warming narrative

Isn’t the only hope for the planet that the industrialized civilizations collapse? Isn’t it our responsiblity to bring that about?” – Maurice Strong, founder of the UN Environment Programme (UNEP)

Current lifestyles and consumption patterns of the affluent middle class – involving high meat intake, use of fossil fuels, appliances, air-conditioning, and suburban housing – are not sustainable.” – Maurice Strong, Rio Earth Summit

It is the responsibility of each human being today to choose between the force of darkness and the force of light. We must therefore transform our attitudes, and adopt a renewed respect for the superior laws of Divine Nature.“ – Maurice Strong, first Secretary General of UNEP

*

THE DEMONISATION OF TRACE GAS & PLANT FOOD CARBON DIOXIDE

ABSOLUTE CONTROL OF YOU AND YOUR LIFESTYLE

ATMOSPHERIC Physicist, MIT Professor of Meteorology and former IPCC lead author Richard S. Lindzen, examines the politics and ideology behind the CO2-centricity that drives the man-made climate change agenda.

LINDZEN’S summary goes to the very heart of why Carbon Dioxide has become the centre-piece of the global push for draconian climate policy :

“For a lot of people including the bureaucracy in Government and the environmental movement, the issue is power. It’s hard to imagine a better leverage point than carbon dioxide to assume control over a society. It’s essential to the production of energy, it’s essential to breathing. If you demonise it and gain control over it, you so-to-speak, control everything. That’s attractive to people. It’s been openly stated for over forty years that one should try to use this issue for a variety of purposes, ranging from North/South redistribution, to energy independence, to God knows what…”

•••

“CO2 for different people has different attractions. After all, what is it? – it’s not a pollutant, it’s a product of every living creature’s breathing, it’s the product of all plant respiration, it is essential for plant life and photosynthesis, it’s a product of all industrial burning, it’s a product of driving – I mean, if you ever wanted a leverage point to control everything from exhalation to driving, this would be a dream. So it has a kind of fundamental attractiveness to bureaucratic mentality.

MORE : CLIMATE CHANGE : It’s Easier To Fool People Than To Convince Them That They Have Been Fooled | Climatism

*

THE GREEN NEW DEAL & THE METHANE LIE

BYE BYE RIB-EYE!

CHILD-SOCIALIST and freshly minted New York Democrat Socialist Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez’s newly-released “Green New Deal” resolution has gotten a lot of attention for its 100 percent UNreliable-energy goal, but the bill also vaguely references another source of emissions.

THE resolution calls for a World War II-style mobilization effort to eliminate greenhouse gas emissions from agricultural operations. If that’s the case, that means any subsequent “Green New Deal” legislation would have to deal with a major source of methane emissions — cow flatulence and burps.

*

METHANE MENDACITY

ONE of the standard alarmist claims is that Methane is 30 times more potent than CO2 at wrecking the climate, and that cow farts threaten the future of humanity.

Methane is responsible for nearly as much global warming as all other non-CO2 greenhouse gases put together. Methane is 23 times more powerful a greenhouse gas than CO2. While atmospheric concentrations of CO2 have risen by about 31% since pre-industrial times, methane concentrations have more than doubled.

http://www.drmcdougall.com/

Thomas Friedman at the New York Times takes climate stupidity to a new level:

Methane released in the atmosphere contributes much more to climate change than CO2.

No to Keystone. Yes to Crazy. – NYTimes.com

*

ATMOSPHERIC PHYSICS 101

ACTUAL science calls ‘Bull’ (pardon the pun) on the relationship between Methane and the atmosphere, contradicting the widely circulated claims of a planetary Methane disaster prophesied by global warming alarmists.

METHANE’s absorption bands almost completely overlap with H2O, and methane concentrations in the atmosphere are very low.  CH4 quickly oxidizes and disappears from the atmosphere, so there can never be a lot of methane in a warm atmosphere with a large concentration of O2.

Methane contributes almost nothing to Earth’s greenhouse effect.

The Methane Scam | Real Science

Methane is unstable and breaks down quickly in the atmosphere, and even if it doubled would have essentially no impact on the greenhouse effect. In the tropics, the effect would be an increase in downwelling longwave radiation of about 0.04%.

If everyone in Kansas City was an atmospheric molecule, only one of them would be methane. Anyone working on climate models and doesn’t know this, is driving under the influence of AGW stupidity.

Methane Doesn’t Matter | Real Science

ALL of the minimal absorption bands of methane are completely overlapped by water vapor. Methane has almost no effect on the Earth’s radiative energy balance.

*

CONCLUSION

TONY HELLER (aka Steve Goddard) sums up the Methane scam with the usual snarky flare that has earned him the reputation of a climate alarmists worst nightmare!

Grass absorbs CO2 and emits oxygen. Cows eat grass. The grass grows back, absorbing more CO2, and emitting more oxygen. Cows eat more grass. The grass grows back, absorbs more CO2 and emits more oxygen. If you look only at the front end of a cow, it is a carbon sink.

Our friends, being the horses asses that they are, look only at the back end of livestock. The amount of carbon coming out of an animal’s orifices is exactly equal to the amount that went in its mouth. Blaming cows for global warming is yet another example of the extreme stupidity of the flat-earth global warming religion.

Methane Is BS | Real Science

*

DON’T give up on your BBQ and that juicy rib-eye just yet. Actual ‘science’ and the truth will eventually win out over alarmist rhetoric, fear and the scourge of socialism using the perceived threat of global warming climate change as emotional cover.

••• Read the rest of this entry »


THE Catastrophic Anthropogenic Global Warming Scam

the climate change scam - climatism

THE Climate Change Scam : Death By GIF | CLIMATISM


“Kevin and I will keep [skeptic papers] out [of IPCC] somehow –
even if we have to redefine what peer-review literature is.”
Phil Jones to Michael Mann | Climategate Emails

“As you know, I’m not political. If anything, I would like to see the climate change happen, so the science could be proved right, regardless of the consequences. This isn’t being political, it is being selfish.” – Phil Jones (Uni East Anglia CRU Head) 

The data doesn’t matter. We’re not basing our recommendations
on the data. We’re basing them on the climate models
.”
– Prof. Chris Folland,
Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research

“As we all know, this isn’t about truth at all,
it’s about plausibly deniable accusations.”
– Michael Mann (Climategate Emails)

***

THE “Hottest Year Ever” meme is just one in a long line of propaganda tools used by the Climate Crisis Industry to make you believe that the 1°C rise in global temperature since the end of the Little Ice Age – around 1880 – is “unprecedented” and will bring chaos to wildlife, humans and the planet.

HOW much of these claims are scientific, versus propaganda designed to heighten alarm around the agenda of catastrophic anthropogenic global warming (CAGW), is the centre of much conjecture and debate.

OF particular concern is how a handful of government climate ‘scientists’ have ‘homogenised’ the official surface-based temperature records to land us in the costly, hot mess we face today.

*

SATELLITES Vs THERMOMETERS?

satellite-v-thermometer-628x353

*

ATMOSPHERIC SATELLITES

NASA’s 15 MSU and AMSU satellites generate the RSS and UAH datasets, which measure the average temperature of every cubic inch of the lower troposphere, the exact place where global warming climate change theory is meant to occur.

BEFORE 2016, UAH and RSS both tracked closely showing very little warming in their data sets which led to the identification and validation of “the pause” in global warming which has since become the subject of much research and debate in peer-reviewed scientific journals.

From the RSS website:

“The simulation as a whole are predicting too much warming” – RSS

HOWEVER, by 2016, Carl Mears, chief scientist for RSS (Remote Sensing Systems) decided that the lengthy and inconvenient global warming “pause” or “hiatus” was not a good look for the global warming narrative, so RSS was adjusted upwards, eliminating “the pause”.

Differences between the old version and new version of RSS:

MEARS’ objectivity towards the business of global temperature data collection and reporting can be found in his commentary on his website, whilst making his global-warmist intentions clear by unleashing the groupthink pejorative “denialist” – in distasteful reference to NAZI holocaust denial…

MEARS then published a paper claiming that new and improved ‘adjustments’ had “found” that missing warming.

Mears, C., and F. Wentz, 2016: Sensitivity of satellite-derived tropospheric
temperature trends to the diurnal cycle adjustment. J. Climate. doi:10.1175/JCLID-
15-0744.1, in press.

http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0744.1?af=R

(Data and graphs via WUWT)

*

UAH NASA SATELLITE GLOBAL TEMPERATURE ANOMALY

FOR the purpose of this post, we’ll look at the untampered UAH (University Alabama Huntsville) satellite data set run by Dr. John R. Christy – Distinguished Professor of Atmospheric Science and Director of the Earth System Science Center at The University of Alabama in Huntsville, and Roy Spencer Ph.D. – Principal Research Scientist at UAH.

SPENCER comments on the divergence between RSS and UAH post “adjustment”:

“We have a paper in peer review with extensive satellite dataset comparisons to many balloon datasets and reanalyses. These show that RSS diverges from these and from UAH, showing more warming than the other datasets between 1990 and 2002 – a key period with two older MSU sensors both of which showed signs of spurious warming not yet addressed by RSS. I suspect the next chapter in this saga is that the remaining radiosonde datasets that still do not show substantial warming will be the next to be “adjusted” upward.

The bottom line is that we still trust our methodology. But no satellite dataset is perfect, there are uncertainties in all of the adjustments, as well as legitimate differences of opinion regarding how they should be handled.

Also, as mentioned at the outset, both RSS and UAH lower tropospheric trends are considerably below the average trends from the climate models.

And that is the most important point to be made.”

Comments on the New RSS Lower Tropospheric Temperature Dataset « Roy Spencer, PhD

(Climatism bolds)

*

DECEMBER 2018 UAH TEMPERATURE ANOMALY

GLOBAL atmospheric temperatures continue their rapid decline off the record heights of the 2015/16 super El Niño, despite record and rising CO2 emissions.

UAH global average lower tropospheric temperature (LT) anomaly for December, 2018 was +0.25°C above the 40-year average:

*

RECORD 2-YEAR GLOBAL TEMPERATURE DROP (HadCRUT4)

GLOBAL temperature dropped by a record 0.4°C in three years according to U.K. HadCRUT4 temperature data set:

DELLERS with the details :

Earth in ‘Greatest Two-Year Cooling Event in a Century’ Shock

Our planet has just experienced the most extreme two-year cooling event in a century. But where have you seen this reported anywhere in the mainstream media?

You haven’t, even though the figures are pretty spectacular. As Aaron Brown reports hereat Real Clear Markets:

From February 2016 to February 2018 (the latest month available) global average temperatures dropped 0.56°C. You have to go back to 1982-84 for the next biggest two-year drop, 0.47°C—also during the global warming era. All the data in this essay come from GISTEMP Team, 2018: GISS Surface Temperature Analysis (GISTEMP). NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies (dataset accessed 2018-04-11 at https://data.giss.nasa.gov/gistemp/). This is the standard source used in most journalistic reporting of global average temperatures.

The 2016-18 Big Chill was composed of two Little Chills, the biggest five month drop ever (February to June 2016) and the fourth biggest (February to June 2017). A similar event from February to June 2018 would bring global average temperatures below the 1980s average. February 2018 was colder than February 1998.

To put this temperature drop in context, consider that this is enough to offset by more than half the entirety of the global warming the planet has experienced since the end of the 19th century.

Read the rest on Breitbart.

*

LAND-BASED THERMOMETERS

NASA GLOBAL LAND & OCEAN TEMPERATURE ANOMALY

Global Mean Estimates based on Land and Ocean Data:

*

NASA LAND & OCEAN TEMP DATA OBSERVATIONS :

THE 20 year global warming “Pause” has been well and truly wiped from the NASA GISS temperature record. AS has the record 2-year temperature drop, post 2015/16 El Niño – according to NASA GISS data.

BY their own admission, the ocean data is also fake.

date: Wed Apr 15 14:29:03 2009
from: Phil Jones <p.jones@uea.ac.uk> subject: Re: Fwd: Re: contribution to RealClimate.org
to: Thomas Crowley <thomas.crowley@ed.ac.uk>

Tom,

The issue Ray alludes to is that in addition to the issue
of many more drifters providing measurements over the last
5-10 years, the measurements are coming in from places where
we didn’t have much ship data in the past. For much of the SH between 40 and 60S the normals are mostly made up as there is very little ship data there.

Cheers
Phil

di2.nu/foia/foia2011/mail/2729.txt

***

CLIMATE CHANGE DATA FRAUD : Death By Gif(s)

“HE who controls the past controls the future. He who controls the present controls the past.” – George Orwell

*

NOW it’s time to see how NASA GISS (Gavin Schmidt) and NOAA (Tom Karl) have created the ‘hockey-stick’ temperature rise over recent years in order to drive the Mann-made global warming agenda.

MIND-blowing adjustments to raw data that without exception – cool the past and warm the present – despite UHI (Urban Heat Island effect) undoubtedly compromising the latter parts of the modern temp record.

AND, if you think that the tampering of the earth’s temperature record, by cooling the past and warming the present to fit the man-made global warming narrative is another climate “denier” conspiracy theory then read this Climategate email from the UK’s leading climate expert, Phil Jones, to the UK Met Office and officials:

screenhunter_400-feb-09-04-21

GLOBAL WARMING Is The Greatest And Most Successful Pseudoscientific Fraud In History | Climatism

THE problem of the 1940’s warming “blip” :

screenhunter_303-feb-07-09-19

THEY did exactly what Wigley was suggesting, removing more than 0.15 C from 1940′s global temperatures. This tampering is what made the hockey stick possible.

If the present refuses to get warmer, then the past must become cooler …

 

 

*

U.S. TEMPERATURE RECORD

THE lack of US warming wrecks global warming theory, so NOAA and NASA reduced the “1940’s Blip” in the US record to create fake warming:

NOAA knows perfectly well that the US is not warming:

*

GLOBAL TEMPERATURE RECORD

NASA has doubled global warming since 2001:

2015-12-07-05-47-371

NASA Global Temperature ‘Adjustments’

gissfiga2changes-sept2005-march2015-sept2015_2aaa

NASA Global Land-Ocean Temperature ‘Adjustments’

*

“HOTTEST YEAR EVAHH”

NASA make up record temperatures in countries where they have no thermometer data. NOAA’s current data in Africa and much of the rest of the world is fake.

THIS enables them to make the fake “Hottest Year Ever” announcements. Memes that have more to do with PR and marketing than actual science:

*

ERASING “THE BLIP” – VARIOUS LOCATIONS

Changes to GISS Iceland temperatures between V2 and V3

ReykjavikGISS2012-2013vestmannaeyjaAliceSpringsGISS2012-2014PuertoCasado

NASA didn’t like the 1940’s warmth in Greenland, so they simply made it disappear:

nuuk-2011-2016

((SEE more extreme examples of NASA / NOAA temperature data fraud at Tony Heller’s superb resource: The Deplorable Climate Science Blog | “Science is the belief in the ignorance of the experts” – Richard Feynman))

(Charts via Tony Heller “Real Climate Science”)

*

UPDATE

THE NASA global temperature record has been massively altered over the last 20 years to cool the past and warm the present:

dwesomrvaaakixx

Steve Goddard on Twitter: “The @NASA global temperature record has been massively altered over the last 20 years to cool the past and warm the present.…”

*

NASA GISS : THE DATA SET OF CHOICE FOR THE CLIMATE THEORY OBSESSED MAINSTREAM MEDIA & POLITICAL ELITE!

IT’s not difficult to see why the NASA GISS data set is the preferred go-to for global warming activists, mainstream media, the UN IPCC and virtue-peddling politicians seeking to destroy cheap, efficient energy supply – namely coal-fired power – through the implementation of draconian climate change policy, and proposals like the U.S. Democrats’ “New Green Deal”, that if implemented will annihilate both the U.S. and the global economy and result in total control of every aspect of your life, lifestyle and any freedoms you currently enjoy.

NASA GISS’ Gavin Schmidt wants to use his junk science to control public policy, and says questions from policy makers are “tiresome” :

*

PRESIDENT EISENHOWER WARNED US OF THE danger that public policy could itself become the captive of a scientific-technological elite.”

“The prospect of domination of the nation’s scholars by Federal employment, project allocations, and the power of money is ever present — and is gravely to be regarded.

Yet, in holding scientific research and discovery in respect, as we should, we must also be alert to the equal and opposite danger that public policy could itself become the captive of a scientific-technological elite.”

President Eisenhower   January 17, 1961

*

CONCLUSION

FOR so long, climate ‘sceptics’ have been labeled climate/science “deniers”, in crude reference to those who deny the holocaust, with the pejorative used in a broader effort to shut down debate and silence dissent. However, when hard evidence is laid out over alarmist rhetoric, it’s not hard to see who in fact are the real deniers of history and indeed, deniers of science.

EVEN when hard data, “the science” and empirical evidence completely contradict alarmist predictions and forecasts peddled by the mainstream media and grant-driven ‘scientists’, alarmists continue to double-down on their fear-mongering instead of evaluating their theory, adhering to the “scientific method” and admitting that they might just have got it all wrong.

*

GLOBAL WARMING dogma has ruinously snowballed into a $TRILLION dollar religion to be defended at all costs by alarmist ‘scientists’, UNreliables rent-seekers and the climate theory-obsessed mainstream media in order to protect egos, jobs, reputations and access to unlimited “Save The Planet” taxpayer trillions, completely immune to oversight.

THIS is not ‘science’, it is zealotry run amok.

IT’S time to count the shocking price we’ve paid for listening to global warming scaremongers like Tim Flannery and NASA fraudster Gavin Schmidt.

SEE now what their panic-making has inspired – global warming schemes that have hurt us infinitely more than any slight global warming could ever do.

IT has been estimated that globally, warmists burn collectively more than a $BILLION dollars a day. But, what are we trying to stop, anyway? Recent scientific papers confirm there’s been much less warming over the past two decades than predicted …

*

TIME to stop the rot for the sake of “science” and Western civilisation that has given us so much to be thankful for, like the dramatic drop in global poverty. Primarily due to the deployment of cheap, reliable and abundant hydrocarbon fuels. Life-giving and poverty-reducing energy sources that the zero-emissions zealots want to replace with sunshine and breezes, forcing us backwards down the energy ladder to the days of human, animal and solar power.

*

JUST as socialist central planning failed miserably before it was replaced by free market economies, green central planning will have to be discarded before Australia and other Western nations, crippled by the mad rush into costly and ruinous UNreliables, will see a return to energy security, competitive pricing and a ‘liveable’ existence for our most vulnerable.

LIKEWISE, climate data fraud must be called out and crushed with the scientific method restored to allay dangerous and costly climate change fear and alarmism.

 •••

SEE also :

Read the rest of this entry »


NEW YORK TIMES Blames Global Warming For Roger Federer’s Stunning Upset At The US Open!

NYT Federer GLOBAL WARMING - CLIMATISM

Roger Federer Is Tough to Beat. Global Warming Might Have Pulled an Upset. – The New York Times


Roger Federer Is Tough to Beat. Global Warming Might Have Pulled an Upset.

By Kendra Pierre-Louis // New York Times Climate

Roger Federer, one of the world’s greatest tennis players, may have become an unwitting spokesman for the effects of climate change on Monday at the U.S. Open.

Federer, who is ranked No. 2, seemed to struggle all night in the heat and humidity at Arthur Ashe Stadium, losing in a fourth-round upset to John Millman, an Australian ranked 55th.

“It was hot,” Federer said. It “was just one of those nights where I guess I felt I couldn’t get air; there was no circulation at all.”

This was the first time Federer, who won the U.S. Open five consecutive times from 2004 to 2008, lost to a player outside the top 50 at the tournament.

To some, the comments by Federer, 37, may sound like sour grapes. But they also underscore a growing problem: increasing nighttime temperatures.

Under climate change, overall temperatures are rising — 2018 is on track to be the fourth-warmest year on record — but the warming is not happening evenly. Summer nights have warmed at nearly twice the rate of summer days. Average overnight low temperatures in the United States have increased 1.4 degrees Fahrenheit per century since 1895, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

Read on…

*

TONY HELLER aka Steve Goddard of Real Science recently checked temperature trends at Ithaca NYC as part of a rebuttal to another piece of epic NYT climate propaganda and fraud – “How Much Hotter Is Your Hometown Than When You Were Born? – The New York Times”

WATCH the blatant fraud uncovered by Heller in this MUST SEE vid:

*

WHILE Heller’s work on the NY area at Ithaca doesn’t explore humidity, his analysis, using USHCN offical Govt data, shows that the number of hot days over 90F are declining as CO2 increases – the opposite of what global warming CO2-theory demands. And, shock news, Heller’s data shows the exact opposite of what the failing NYTimes impugns…

New York Times Fraud At Ithaca, New York

The New York Times claims that Ithaca, New York gets about three days per year over 90 degrees, when in fact they average almost double that.

The number of 90 degree days has declined by 50% over the last 90 years, as CO2 has increased.

The New York Times claims the opposite trend.

A large percentage of New York Times reporting is fraudulent, and sometimes it is trivial to prove. They are hiding readily available historical data, reporting incorrectly on historical and present data, and claiming trends which are the exact opposite of reality. Scientific and journalistic fraud at its worst.

 New York Times Fraud At Ithaca, New York | The Deplorable Climate Science Blog

***

AS an Aussie, bravo to John Millman for downing the Fed! And, obviously he had to play under the same conditions as the champ. Just maybe, Millman was the better player on the ‘humid’ night in NYC and in better condition than ye olde Rog, God bless him!

AS for the failing NY Times – “Scientific and journalistic fraud at its worst.” – we and the empirical evidence concur!

H/t

•••

UPDATE

Tony Heller with the inconvenient truth on September 3 New York historical temperatures…

Today’s Global Warming Fraud At The New York Times

•••

Read the rest of this entry »


THE SUN : Climate Changer, Climate Driver, Climate Disruptor

***

LAST week we analysed the profound effect that the Sun has on Earth’s climate and the sinister reasons as to why the Climate Crisis Industry almost completely dismisses it as having any effect on climate and weather:

THE SUN : Climate Control Knob, Enemy Of The Climate Cult | Climatism

THROUGH the forensic lens of Tony Heller’s excellent research, let’s take a deeper dive into the ‘conveniently’ dismissed nuclear-powered giant in the sky that has the ability to generate temperature swings of 40 degrees centigrade on any given day. And whose light, that takes 8 minutes and 20 seconds to reach Earth, delivers enough energy in one hour to power the world economy for an entire year! Read the rest of this entry »