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OPEN Letter To The Bureau Of Meteorology : Climate Extremes – The “Federation Drought” 1895-1902

THE Federation Drought - Open Letter To BoM - CLIMATISM

THE Murray River (Australia’s longest) was dry for six months in 1902.


TO whom it may concern,

CC: Josh Frydenberg (Australian Minister for the Environment & Energy)

Last year I contacted you in regards to updating 7 years of missing tropical cyclone data on the BoM record.

August 16, 2017

Dear BoM,

I have been a keen observer of weather and climate for well over a climate point (42 years)!

The chaotic system of climate and “climate change” is ever fascinating. Though, today the ‘chaos’ has been replaced by an unhealthy polarization of “the science”, all too often determined by belief, politics and ideology. Sadly, dogma has trumped empirical evidence, corrupting the scientific method.

That said, I am seeking from you an updated version of the cyclone trends graph which ends at 2011. The BoM site has excellent data up to 2017 to complete the series. Is there a reason why the data has not been translated to the current graph? I would be happy to work on getting it up to date if resources are limited!

As a start, there is a written record from 2012-2015 here: http://www.bom.gov.au/cyclone/history/index.shtml

However, this record does not quite match the said graph 1969 – 2011. Methodology for what qualifies the graphed record would be appreciated.

Sincerely,

Jamie Spry (Melbourne, Australia)

Graph showing the number of severe and non-severe tropical cyclones from 1970–2011 which have occurred in the Australian region. Severe tropical cyclones are those which show a minimum

Graph showing the number of severe and non-severe tropical cyclones from 1970–2011 which have occurred in the Australian region. Severe tropical cyclones are those which show a minimum central pressure less than 970 hPa.

OPEN Letter To The Bureau Of Meteorology – Tropical Cyclone Trends | Climatism

TO your credit, communication was swift and missing data promptly updated to 2016/17:

Graph showing the number of severe and non-severe tropical cyclones from 1970-2017 which have occurred in the Australian region. Severe tropical cyclones are shown here as those with a m

Graph showing the number of severe and non-severe tropical cyclones from 1970-2017 which have occurred in the Australian region. Severe tropical cyclones are shown here as those with a minimum central pressure less than 970 hPa.

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I write to you today seeking access to valuable historical information you once had on your website pertaining to historical “extremes”, namely the devastating 7 year “Federation Drought” 1895-1902…

THE page is no longer available:

BOM – Australian Climate Extremes-Drought

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ORIGINAL content of Australia’s important climate change history has been thankfully saved in the WayBackMachine and sent to me by :

Drought. The word evokes images of barren fields, dying stock, and water holes and reservoirs drying to cracked mud. Shrivelled hopes, failed crops, and often economic ruin are its trademarks.

Drought is also part and parcel of life in Australia, particularly in the marginal areas away from the better-watered coasts and ranges. drought near GunnedahOf all the climatic phenomena to afflict Australia, drought is probably the most economically costly: major droughts such as that of 1982/83 can have a major impact on the national economy. Moreover, apart from crop failure and stock losses, droughts set the scene for other disastrous phenomena, such as fires, dust-storms, and general land degradation.

Denuded earth and dry watercourses during drought near Gunnedah, in the normally well-watered Namoi Valley region of New South Wales (photo courtesy of the NSW Dept of Land and Water Conservation).

Why is Australia drought prone?

Australia is prone to drought because of its geography. Our continent sits more or less astride the latitudes of the subtropical high pressure belt, an area of sinking, dry, stable air and usually clear skies. The far north and south of the country come under the influence of reasonably regular rain-bearing disturbances for at least part of the year, and the east coast is watered reasonably well by moisture from the Tasman and Coral Seas. However over most of the country rainfall is not only low, but highly erratic.

Many, but by no means all, droughts over eastern and northern Australia accompany the El Niño-Southern Oscillation phenomenon, which typically lasts about a year, as in 1982/83. Droughts in the western areas and over much of the interior normally have different causes. Nevertheless, on some occasions (such as 1914 and 1994) El Niño-related droughts may extend across virtually the entire country. On such occasions, the economic and livestock losses are exacerbated

hand-feeding sheep in NSWHand-feeding sheep in western New South Wales during the extended drought in Queensland and New South Wales during the 1990s
(photo c/o the Fairfax Photo Library).

Long-term droughts

Over much of the country, droughts can extend over several years, relieved only by brief, transitory rains. Indeed, probably the most damaging type of drought is when one or two very dry years follow several years of generally below-average rainfall. The “Federation drought” of the late 1890s through 1902 is an example, as is the more recent 1991-95 drought in Queensland, northern New South Wales and parts of central Australia. Over still longer time-scales, Australia’s rainfall history features several periods of a decade or longer that seem to have been distinctly “drought prone”. For instance, the mid to late 1920s and the 1930s were a period of generally low rainfall over most of the country, continuing through most of the 1940s over the eastern states. A similar dry spell occurred in the 1960s over central and eastern Australia. During these low rainfall periods, not every year is dry; it is just that rainfall in most years is below the long-term average, and there are often runs of years with recurrent drought. Thus in the late 1930s-40s major droughts occurred over eastern Australia in 1937-38, 1940-41, and 1943-45.

The 1990s saw formal Government acknowledgement that drought is part of the natural variability of the Australian climate, with drought relief for farmers and agricultural communities being restricted to times of so-called “exceptional circumstances”. In other words, the agricultural sector was expected to cope with the occasional drought, and relief would be available only for droughts of unusual length or severity.

BOM – Australian Climate Extremes (WayBackMachine)

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AS Eastern Australia suffers through another awful drought, it is important that the public is educated into the causes of long-term drought such that appropriate action can be taken, as noted by the Australian Government in the 1990’s,The 1990s saw formal Government acknowledgement that drought is part of the natural variability of the Australian climate, with drought relief for farmers and agricultural communities being restricted to times of so-called “exceptional circumstances”

EDUCATION and understanding of the “land of sweeping plains,/Of ragged mountain ranges,/Of droughts and flooding rains.”[2] helps to eliminate spurious claims of human-induced climate change as the cause of drought, all-too-often used by the mainstream media to push a political agenda or ideology.

SUCH wistful activism encouraging a misallocation of funds in a vain attempt to “stop” climate change with precious public money awarded to wind farm, solar panel corporations and power companies, rather than fund drought mitigation schemes (dams) and to aid farmers through tedious times that will always occur naturally, regardless of Australia or the world’s carbon dioxide output.

* Read the rest of this entry »

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GLOBAL WARMING? Kangaroos Dying of Cold and Hunger in Australia’s Capital

KANGAROOS FREEZING CANBERRA - CLIMATISM.png


WHILE the mainstream media bloviates over a mythical and propagandised “global heatwave“, things couldn’t be more different and dangerous down-under, especially for Kangaroos!

via WUWT :

Guest essay by Eric Worrall

h/t IceAgeNow & Climate Depot – Australia’s capital city Canberra is being flooded by kangaroos desperately flocking to the irrigated nature reserves and Canberra’s urban heat island to avoid starvation and freezing temperatures.

Canberra-Australia

Canberra Civic viewed from Mount Ainslie with Lake Burley Griffin and Mount Stromlo in the background. By Bidgee – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link

Mobs of kangaroos take to streets of Australia’s capital over food shortages

By Samantha Beech, Mitchell McCluskey and Susannah Cullinane, CNN
Updated 0805 GMT (1605 HKT) July 30, 2018

(CNN)Mobs of kangaroos have been raiding patches of grass in the Australian capital Canberra, driven to the city’s sports fields, back yards and roadsides by food scarcity.

Canberra has more than 30 nature reserves, with most hosting hundreds of Eastern Grey Kangaroos, and it is not unusual to see them in the reserves or in roads or yards nearby, Australian Capital Territory (ACT) Parks and Conservation Service Director Daniel Iglesias told CNN.

But he said this winter the animals were far more visible.

“Canberra is experiencing a perfect storm of hardship for its kangaroos. New records have been set in Canberra for very cold, frosty nights this winter. This, coupled with very dry conditions with very little rain at all in June and July, means there is very little food for kangaroos, ” Iglesias said, via email.

“Sports ovals, suburban yards, schoolyards and roadsides are the few places offering any green grass at all in Canberra at the moment and they act as magnets for kangaroos,” he said.

Read more: https://edition.cnn.com/2018/07/30/australia/australia-canberra-kangaroo-boom/index.html

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Canberra, which is part of the Australian Capital Territory, our version of District of Columbia, is a hotspot of Australian CAGW enthusiasts. The green obsessed ACT government funded the original production of the play Kill Climate Deniers.

No doubt the locals will blame global warming for the distress of ACT’s kangaroo population.

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SEE also : GLOBAL WARMING Batters Australia! Record Winter Lows And The Most Snow In Years | Climatism

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MEANWHILE

GLOBAL July temps according to UAH satellite data set were slightly up on June, to 0.32C above the global average. That’s up 0.11C from June’s 0.21 deg C.

THAT’s some global heatwave!! /sarc

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DAVID Birch (TSM) with more insight on the latest UAH global temp data :

TR goes further :

•••

UPDATE

FLASHBACK 2016 :

•••

Related :

“Hottest Year Evah” Meme related :

CLIMATISM Hot Links :

TEMPERATURE Related :

ORIGINS Of The Global Warming Scam :

•••

PLEASE Tip The Climatism Jar To HELP Keep The Good Fight Alive!

(Climate sceptics/rationalists still waitin’ for that “big oil” cheque to arrive in the mail!)

Help us to hit back against the bombardment of climate lies costing our communities, economies and livelihoods far, far too much.

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•••


GLOBAL WARMING Batters Australia! Record Winter Lows And The Most Snow In Years

The cold fronts are expected to continue through the weekend, meaning more snow could be on the way. Picture- Getty. CIMATISM

The cold fronts are expected to continue through the weekend, meaning more snow could be on the way. Picture: Getty. | 9NEWS


THE “Global Warming” that Northern Hemisphere climate alarmists have been in an apoplectic seizure about, has reached Australia with devastating results…

H/t 

Via 9NEWS :

Parts of Australia recording lowest winter temperatures and most snow in years

Ben Domensino Weatherzone • Weatherzone meterologist

 

By Ben Domensino Weatherzone • Weatherzone meterologist

Australians have been shivering across the country this winter, but a cold air mass combined with clear skies and light winds caused the mercury to really plummet last night.

A slow-moving high pressure system will continue to cause notably cold mornings across much of central, southern and eastern Australia during the next three days, leading to widespread frost and fog each morning until Sunday.

Some southern parts of the Northern Territory and a few places in southwest Queensland had their coldest morning in three to seven years.

Temperatures across Australia have been plummeting as the brunt of winter sweeps across the country in the form of multiple cold fronts. Picture- Getty.

Temperatures across Australia have been plummeting as the brunt of winter sweeps across the country in the form of multiple cold fronts. Picture: Getty.

After a night of steady cooling, the temperature in Queensland town of Thargomindah dropped to a low of 0.2 degrees just before 7am today – the site’s coldest morning since 2012.

Nearby, Ballera Gas Field’s 1.6 degrees was also its lowest temperature in seven years.

Across the border, it was the coldest morning in three years for the Northern Territory’s Jervois, which recorded a low of -0.2 degrees and Daly Waters felt a chilly 3.9 degrees.

The low temperatures have created ideal conditions for snowfall, with many parts in the Australian alps receiving more snow than recent years. Picture- Getty.

The low temperatures have created ideal conditions for snowfall, with many parts in the Australian alps receiving more snow than recent years. Picture: Getty.

This morning’s frosty start comes a day after some areas of NSW registered their lowest temperature in more than a decade yesterday.

A low of -2.6 degrees at Fowlers Gap was its coldest start since 2006.

The cold temperatures has also seen the natural snow depth in Australia’s alps getting close to one metre in some areas.

Snowy Hydro reported a natural snow depth of 94.7cm at Spencers Creek on today, which is a 19cm increase from last week and a new high point for 2018.

In parts, the natural depth of snow that has fallen is beginning to reach around a metre deep. Picture- Getty.

In parts, the natural depth of snow that has fallen is beginning to reach around a metre deep. Picture: Getty.

Based on historical records stretching back to the 1950s, the average snow depth at Spencers Creek in the middle of July is around one metre.

The earliest date that a measurement above one metre has been recorded at Spencers Creek was 148.8cm on May 9th 1960.

At the other end of the scale however, the 2006 and 1982 snow seasons didn’t feature any readings above one metre at the site.

The peak snow depth in Australia’s alps typically occurs in late August or early September, although it can vary quite a bit from year to year.

The cold fronts are expected to continue through the weekend, meaning more snow could be on the way. Picture- Getty. CIMATISM

The cold fronts are expected to continue through the weekend, meaning more snow could be on the way. Picture: Getty.

The peak depth during 2017 was in late September and in 2016 it didn’t happen until October.

Looking ahead, a pool of cold air will cause light snow showers in the alps tomorrow, before dry weather returns on the weekend.

A pair of cold fronts are also likely to bring follow-up snowfalls at the start of next week, possible nudging the natural base above one metre for the first time this season.

© Nine Digital Pty Ltd 2018

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DON’T expect to read why Australia is experiencing record cold temps and record snow in recent years from those ‘in the know’ like BoM, CSIRO or any other Government ‘science’ department.

THEY are only interested in hot temperatures to promote The Hottest Year Evahhh meme and guarantee more of your hard-earned money keeps flowing to their global warming climate change cause through skyrocketing green-energy costs and carbon taxes (NEG).

AS well, COLD = WEATHER and HOT = CLIMATE!

•••

UPDATE (16 July 2018)

Via 9NEWS :

Coldest morning in 60 years for parts of the east coast

A cold snap has delivered some of the chilliest temperatures in decades to parts of Australia’s east coast, with more frosty mornings to come.

Both Parkes and Cowra in New South Wales have set new all-time coldest minimum temperature records today with the mercury dropping to -6.6 and -5.8 degrees respectively. Both sites opened back in 1958.

Winter wonderland in the Sunshine State- Queensland's southeast woke to very chilly minimums. (9NEWS)

Winter wonderland in the Sunshine State- Queensland’s southeast woke to very chilly minimums. (9NEWS)

READ the *cold* records blown away here…

Cold weather Australia Brisbane Sydney Melbourne | 9NEWS

•••

UPDATE (16 July 2018)

HERALD SUN’S Andrew Bolt with more analysis on the RECORD COLD slamming Australia and the Arctic!…

RECORD COLD IN AUSTRALIA

But when it’s record cold, the news reports don’t mention global warming:

A cold snap has delivered some of the chilliest temperatures in decades to parts of Australia’s east coast, with more frosty mornings to come.

Both Parkes and Cowra in New South Wales have set new all-time coldest minimum temperature records today with the mercury dropping to -6.6 and -5.8 degrees respectively. Both sites opened back in 1958.

Dubbo’s low of -6.0 degrees was its coldest night in 78 years while Lithgow’s -9.3 degrees was the coldest it has been since 1972.

As I’ve said repeatedly, we have far more to worry about should the planet cool instead:

Sanderlings, red knots and ruddy turnstones failed to breed this year along the Arctic island’s east coast due to record snow cover

RECORD COLD IN AUSTRALIA | Herald Sun

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Read the rest of this entry »


MUST WATCH Weather Report : Forget The Cold! Global Warming Is Real!

ABC indoctrination - CLIMATISM


AUSTRALIA’S billion-dollar-a-year taxpayer funded public broadcaster, the ABC, is never shy pushing their CO2-centric global warming climate change agenda wherever and whenever possible.

THIS particular weather report that had to inconveniently divulge extreme cold temps that have kicked off Australia’s colder than average start to winter would make even infamous NAZI propagandist Joseph Goebbels blush!

Andrew Bolt with the rub…

Global warming has stalled, and the ABC’s weatherman must report “bitterly cold” weather in NSW and likely record low June temperatures for Broken Hill.

So he breaks off to sternly lecture any backsliders:

“Global warming doesn’t mean that cold temperatures won’t be recorded but rather that record heat temperatures will be far more common.”

Watch!

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“SCIENCE” UPDATE

ABC Weatherman Graham Creed @WeathermanABC again…

“Now on a quick side note, though, Global warming doesn’t mean that cold temperatures won’t be recorded, rather, record heat temperatures will be far more common and widespread.”

THIS statement is yet another ABC global warming climate change falsehood!

According to GCHN and ACORN-SAT data – the official data sets used by Bureau of Meteorologyannual maximum temps are ‘declining’ as CO2 increases…

However, according to GHCN and ACORN-SAT (‘adjusted’ data), the Australian temperature anomaly is, yes, increasing, but this is due to nighttime temps increasing faster than daytime temps are declining…

UHI caused by urban sprawl appears to be the most likely reason for nighttime temps up, IMO. (See link for Urban versus Rural temps station data… NO Australian Under The Age Of 40 Has Experienced Any Global Warming | Climatism)

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MEANWHILE, according to the much more comprehensive and accurate NASA satellite temps, unpolluted by land-based UHI (Urban Heat Island effect)…

NO Australian Under The Age Of 40 Has Experienced Any Global Warming

ACCORDING to NASA’s MSU satellite data, there has been no warming, at all, over the continent of Australia since the record began 40 years ago…

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The ABC will fight to the last to protect the warmist faith it has pushed and exaggerated and hyped and defended for years with a truly manic energy.

•••

Related :

“Hottest Year Evahhh” Meme Related :

Climate Science Related :

Climatism Hot Links :

Global Cooling Related :

Origins Of The Global Warming Scam :

•••

PLEASE Tip The Climatism Jar To HELP Keep The Good Fight Alive!

(Climate sceptics still waitin’ for that “big oil” cheque to arrive in the mail!)

Help us to hit back against the bombardment of climate lies costing our communities, economies and livelihoods far, far too much.

Click link for more info…TQ!!! Jamie.

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•••


NO Australian Under The Age Of 40 Has Experienced Any Global Warming

AUSTRALIA Temps Vs CO2.png


NASA’s MSU satellite measurement systems, generate the RSS and UAH datasets, which measure the average temperature of every cubic inch of the lower atmosphere (0-10 kms), which happens to be the exact place where anthropogenic global warming is meant to occur, according to anthropogenic global warming theory.

AUS MAY TEMPS -0.4C BELOW AVERAGE

UAH temperature anomaly for May was almost half a degree centigrade (-0.4C) below the 4o year average!

AUSTRALIA Lower Troposheric Temperature Anomaly 1978-2018 CLIMATISM

AUSTRALIA Lower Troposheric Temperature Anomaly 1978-2018

SATELLITES Vs LAND TEMPS

SATELLITES have the obvious benefit of measuring only the atmosphere and the effect that carbon dioxide emissions may be having on the atmosphere. Satellite data is not polluted by UHI (Urban Heat Island effect) – artificial heat generated from city infrastructure; asphalt carparks, airpots, highways, AC vents etc.

UHI (Urban Heat Island effect)

TONY Heller did a survey of the ten oldest stations in New South Wales And Victoria, circled below. Three rural stations were not included because of obvious problems with the data, but none showed any warming:

Screen Shot 2018-06-19 at 11.13.52 pm

UHI - Climatism - Sydney - Melbourne

The two urban stations at Melbourne and Sydney both showed strong warming, and both have disastrously poor siting of their thermometers in the middle of large cities.

Melbourne Temperature Anomaly CLIMATISM

Melbourne Temperature Anomaly

Sydney Temperature Anomaly CLIMATISM

Sydney Temperature Anomaly

By contrast, all of the rural stations show a long term cooling trend, with some recent warming. (Note that there is no data for the most recent years with some of the rural stations.)

Bathurst Temperature Anomaly CLIMATISM

Bathurst Temperature Anomaly

Read the rest of this entry »


DOES The CSIRO Still Stand By Its 2003 Snow Prediction?

Winter Forecast: Coldest On Record? CLIMATISM


“The problem isn’t that Johnny can’t read.
The problem isn’t even that Johnny can’t think.
The problem is that Johnny doesn’t know what thinking is;
he confuses it with feeling.”
– Thomas Sowell

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AUSTRALIA’S ‘premier’ science body, the CSIRO, is a prime example of a government funded agency who has been fatally captured by global warming groupthink and climate change hysteria, resulting in a litany of failed predictions and costly fear-mongering, thanks in part to their own contribution to the global set of overheated climate models.

AN example of the CSIRO’s fealty towards the Climate Crisis Industry can be seen in the use of sea level rise figures far in excess of even the IPCC…

In its 2012 report, State of the Climate, the CSIRO says that since 1993 sea levels have risen up to 10mm a year in the north and west. That means that somewhere has had a 19cm-rise in sea level since 1993. Where is this place? The European satellite says that sea levels have been constant for the past eight years.

CSIRO alarmism more dangerous than Co2 | The Australian

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CSIRO – The End Of Snow…

A 2003 CSIRO report, part-funded by the ski industry, found that resorts could lose a quarter of their snow within 15 years…

“For the first time, they realised that their attention should be directed to a common enemy,” says Andrew Fairley, head of the Alpine Resorts Co-ordinating Council, which advises the State Government and oversees the management of Victoria’s six snow resorts. “And that enemy is climate change.”

Like those who rely on the Great Barrier Reef, the Australian ski industry sees itself as a frontline victim of global warming. A 2003 CSIRO report, part-funded by the ski industry, found that the resorts could lose a quarter of their snow in 15 years, and half by 2050. The worst case was a 96 per cent loss of snow by mid-century.

Icons under threat: The Alps – General – In Depth – theage.com.au

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CSIRO – Simulations of future snow conditions in the Australian alpine regions

Conclusion:

The low impact scenario for 2020 has a minor impact on snow conditions. Average season lengths are reduced by around five days. Reductions in peak depths are usually less than 10%, but can be larger at lower sites (e.g. Mt Baw Baw and Wellington High Plains).

The high impact scenario for 2020 leads to reductions of 30-40 days in average season lengths. At higher sites such as Mt Hotham, this can represent reductions in season duration of about 25%, but at lower sites such as Mt Baw Baw the reduction can be more significant (up to 60%)…

We have very high confidence (at least 95%) that the low impact scenarios will be exceeded and the high impact scenarios will not be exceeded.

https://www.climatechange.vic.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0015/73212/TheImpactofClimateChangeonSnowConditions2003.pdf  (Page Not Found – hmm)

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ALL around the world, warmist institutions and the climate-theory-obsessed compliant mainstream media were once predicting the end of snow… Read the rest of this entry »


AUSTRALIA’S Self-Inflicted Unreliable Energy Crisis: 200,000 Families Can’t Afford Power

SEE now what their panic-making has inspired – symbolic global warming schemes that have hurt us infinitely more than any slight, and most probably beneficial, global warming ever could…

STOP THESE THINGS

Relying on subsidised, intermittent and unreliable wind and solar results in rocketing power prices. Rocketing power prices results in a cycle of grinding, daily misery for the poorest and most vulnerable.

More than 100,000 Australian families had their power cut off last year, and a further 100,000 are on payment plans with their power retailers – all thanks to Australia’s diabolical obsession with wind and solar power.

South Australia tops the list above, for one reason, and one reason only: its ludicrous attempt to run on sunshine and breezes.

Craig Kelly heads up the Monash Forum, a group of 30 Liberal and National MPs determined to arrest the disaster. Here’s Craig.

Energy policy as shameful as the Soviet’s
The Spectator Australia
Craig Kelly
21 May 2018

“I told myself it was beneath my dignity to arrest a man for pilfering firewood. But nothing ordered by the party is beneath the…

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