Groupthink, Pal Review And Climate Fraud

“When like-minded people find themselves speaking only with one another, they get into a cycle of ideological reinforcement where they end up endorsing positions far more extreme than the ones they started with.”

ADD that, to this:

“KEVIN and I will keep [skeptic papers] out [of IPCC] somehow – even if we have to redefine what peer-review literature is” – Phil Jones (CRU) | Climategate Emails.

PA Pundits - International

TonyfromOz prefaces:

This is a Guest Post by An Australian Scientist, Doctor John Happs who has an academic background in the geosciences with special interests in climate, and paleoclimate. He has been a science educator at several universities in Australia and overseas.

By Dr. John Happs

A little over two decades ago, Dr. Irving Janis, professor of psychology at Yale University, published Groupthink in which he explained how a group of like-minded people could share a common belief or goal whilst completely ignoring any evidence that challenged that belief.

Janis, I. (1991). Groupthink. In E. Griffin (Ed.) A First Look at Communication Theory (pp. 235 – 246). New York: McGraw Hill.

Janis provided the tragic example of the Challenger spacecraft disaster that occurred on January 28th, 1986 when a rubber O-Ring failed to contain rocket fuel, allowing it to leak and explode. A subsequent enquiry showed that the

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